programming languages

Rank

Java vs Python

  1. This language has a strong static type system

    92% 8%
    Java 763 out of 824 picked Java over Python Python
  2. Code written in this language tends to be verbose

    89% 11%
    Java 750 out of 838 picked Java over Python Python
  3. Writing code in this language is a lot of work

    86% 14%
    Java 722 out of 838 picked Java over Python Python
  4. There are many good commercial tools for this language

    85% 15%
    Java 649 out of 757 picked Java over Python Python
  5. This is a mainstream language

    83% 17%
    Java 495 out of 591 picked Java over Python Python
  6. This language is large

    81% 19%
    Java 596 out of 727 picked Java over Python Python
  7. The thought that I may still be using this language in twenty years time fills me with dread

    80% 20%
    Java 638 out of 789 picked Java over Python Python
  8. There is a lot of accidental complexity when writing code in this language

    80% 20%
    Java 619 out of 766 picked Java over Python Python
  9. This language is unusually bad for beginners

    80% 20%
    Java 688 out of 856 picked Java over Python Python
  10. This language has an annoying syntax

    79% 21%
    Java 462 out of 582 picked Java over Python Python
  11. This is a low level language

    78% 22%
    Java 650 out of 831 picked Java over Python Python
  12. Developers who primarily use this language often burn out after a few years

    76% 24%
    Java 433 out of 563 picked Java over Python Python
  13. I often get angry when writing code in this language

    76% 24%
    Java 419 out of 545 picked Java over Python Python
  14. If my code in this language successfully compiles, there is a good chance my code is correct.

    76% 24%
    Java 387 out of 505 picked Java over Python Python
  15. Programs written in this language will usually work in future versions of the language

    76% 24%
    Java 558 out of 731 picked Java over Python Python
  16. This language is suitable for real-time applications

    75% 25%
    Java 528 out of 698 picked Java over Python Python
  17. This language excels at concurrency

    74% 26%
    Java 558 out of 750 picked Java over Python Python
  18. This language is frequently used for applications it isn't suitable for

    73% 27%
    Java 511 out of 695 picked Java over Python Python
  19. This language is best for very large projects

    72% 28%
    Java 562 out of 775 picked Java over Python Python
  20. I learned this language early in my career as a programmer

    72% 28%
    Java 438 out of 608 picked Java over Python Python
  21. There are many good tools for this language

    71% 29%
    Java 533 out of 741 picked Java over Python Python
  22. I know many other people who use this language

    68% 32%
    Java 578 out of 839 picked Java over Python Python
  23. I am reluctant to admit to knowing this language

    68% 32%
    Java 426 out of 619 picked Java over Python Python
  24. I would use this language for mobile applications

    68% 32%
    Java 571 out of 832 picked Java over Python Python
  25. Programs written in this language tend to be efficient

    68% 32%
    Java 549 out of 805 picked Java over Python Python
  26. This language has many features which feel "tacked on"

    67% 33%
    Java 470 out of 693 picked Java over Python Python
  27. I am sometimes embarrassed to admit to my peers that I know this language

    67% 33%
    Java 448 out of 661 picked Java over Python Python
  28. I would use this language for writing embedded programs

    67% 33%
    Java 71 out of 105 picked Java over Python Python
  29. This language has a very rigid idea of how things should be done

    66% 34%
    Java 549 out of 820 picked Java over Python Python
  30. This language is good for distributed computing

    65% 35%
    Java 482 out of 731 picked Java over Python Python
  31. I would use this language for writing programs for an embedded hardware platform

    65% 35%
    Java 485 out of 740 picked Java over Python Python
  32. Code written in this language will usually run in all the major implementations if it runs in one of them.

    65% 35%
    Java 328 out of 501 picked Java over Python Python
  33. I use a lot of code written in this language which I really don't want to have to make changes to

    65% 35%
    Java 253 out of 387 picked Java over Python Python
  34. I usually use this language on projects with many other members

    63% 37%
    Java 487 out of 768 picked Java over Python Python
  35. This language is likely to be around for a very long time

    62% 38%
    Java 494 out of 793 picked Java over Python Python
  36. Third-party libraries are readily available, well-documented, and of high quality

    59% 41%
    Java 465 out of 783 picked Java over Python Python
  37. When I run into problems my colleagues can provide me with immediate help with this language

    58% 42%
    Java 433 out of 737 picked Java over Python Python
  38. This language is well documented

    58% 42%
    Java 464 out of 792 picked Java over Python Python
  39. Code written in this language tends to be very reliable

    58% 42%
    Java 459 out of 788 picked Java over Python Python
  40. It's unusual for me to discover unfamiliar features

    58% 42%
    Java 414 out of 712 picked Java over Python Python
  41. I often feel like I am not smart enough to write this language

    58% 42%
    Java 251 out of 432 picked Java over Python Python
  42. This language allows me to write programs where I know exactly what they are doing under the hood

    57% 43%
    Java 466 out of 807 picked Java over Python Python
  43. I use many applications written in this language

    57% 43%
    Java 476 out of 828 picked Java over Python Python
  44. It is easy to debug programs written in this language when it goes wrong

    56% 44%
    Java 443 out of 780 picked Java over Python Python
  45. When I write code in this language I can be very sure it is correct

    56% 44%
    Java 450 out of 794 picked Java over Python Python
  46. Libraries in this language tend to be well documented.

    56% 44%
    Java 296 out of 526 picked Java over Python Python
  47. This language has a niche outside of which I would not use it

    55% 45%
    Java 416 out of 755 picked Java over Python Python
  48. This language has a high quality implementation

    54% 46%
    Java 296 out of 541 picked Java over Python Python
  49. This language has a very dogmatic community

    54% 46%
    Java 374 out of 686 picked Java over Python Python
  50. This language makes it easy to shoot yourself in the foot

    54% 46%
    Java 355 out of 652 picked Java over Python Python
  51. I find it easy to write efficient code in this language

    54% 46%
    Java 447 out of 823 picked Java over Python Python
  52. I would list this language on my resume

    53% 47%
    Java 428 out of 796 picked Java over Python Python
  53. I know this language well

    53% 47%
    Java 4121 out of 7767 picked Java over Python Python
  54. I would use this language for writing server programs

    52% 48%
    Java 410 out of 780 picked Java over Python Python
  55. There are many good open-source tools for this language

    52% 48%
    Java 422 out of 804 picked Java over Python Python
  56. I would use this language for a desktop GUI project

    51% 49%
    Java 451 out of 877 picked Java over Python Python
  57. It is too easy to write code in this language that looks like it does one thing but actually does something else

    50% 50%
    Java 345 out of 680 picked Java over Python Python
  58. This language has well-organized libraries with consistent, carefully thought-out interfaces

    49% 51%
    Java 354 out of 697 picked Python over Java Python
  59. This language is likely to be a passing fad

    45% 55%
    Java 332 out of 614 picked Python over Java Python
  60. There is a wide variety of open source code written in this language

    45% 55%
    Java 437 out of 807 picked Python over Java Python
  61. This language encourages writing reusable code.

    45% 55%
    Java 301 out of 554 picked Python over Java Python
  62. The resources for learning this language are of high quality

    44% 56%
    Java 433 out of 786 picked Python over Java Python
  63. I can imagine using this language in my day job

    43% 57%
    Java 494 out of 875 picked Python over Java Python
  64. I enjoy playing with this language but would never use it for "real code"

    42% 58%
    Java 391 out of 684 picked Python over Java Python
  65. This language is good for numeric computing

    41% 59%
    Java 430 out of 740 picked Python over Java Python
  66. This language has a wide variety of agreed-upon conventions, which are generally adhered to reasonably well, and which increase my productivity

    41% 59%
    Java 431 out of 740 picked Python over Java Python
  67. I regularly use this language

    41% 59%
    Java 542 out of 920 picked Python over Java Python
  68. Programs written in this language tend to play well with others

    39% 61%
    Java 435 out of 722 picked Python over Java Python
  69. This language encourages writing code that is easy to maintain.

    37% 63%
    Java 332 out of 535 picked Python over Java Python
  70. This language has a very coherent design

    36% 64%
    Java 473 out of 740 picked Python over Java Python
  71. I rarely have difficulty abstracting patterns I find in my code

    35% 65%
    Java 475 out of 739 picked Python over Java Python
  72. This language has a good library distribution mechanism.

    35% 65%
    Java 336 out of 521 picked Python over Java Python
  73. Learning this language significantly changed how I use other languages.

    34% 66%
    Java 378 out of 581 picked Python over Java Python
  74. This language is easier to use for it's problem domain by removing unneeded expressiveness (such as not being Turing complete).

    34% 66%
    Java 171 out of 261 picked Python over Java Python
  75. This language is likely to have a strong influence on future languages

    34% 66%
    Java 498 out of 756 picked Python over Java Python
  76. Learning this language improved my ability as a programmer

    33% 67%
    Java 555 out of 838 picked Python over Java Python
  77. If this language didn't exist, I would have trouble finding a satisfactory replacement

    33% 67%
    Java 487 out of 731 picked Python over Java Python
  78. This language matches it's problem domain particularly well.

    32% 68%
    Java 336 out of 498 picked Python over Java Python
  79. I can imagine this will be a popular language in twenty years time

    31% 69%
    Java 525 out of 768 picked Python over Java Python
  80. This language has a niche in which it is great

    31% 69%
    Java 517 out of 754 picked Python over Java Python
  81. This language is built on a small core of orthogonal features

    31% 69%
    Java 421 out of 612 picked Python over Java Python
  82. This language has a good community

    30% 70%
    Java 543 out of 783 picked Python over Java Python
  83. This language is good for scientific computing

    30% 70%
    Java 545 out of 785 picked Python over Java Python
  84. I often write things in this language with the intent of rewriting them in something else later

    30% 70%
    Java 412 out of 589 picked Python over Java Python
  85. I usually use this language on solo projects

    29% 71%
    Java 566 out of 808 picked Python over Java Python
  86. I still discover new features of this language on a fairly regular basis

    27% 73%
    Java 500 out of 692 picked Python over Java Python
  87. The semantics of this language are much different than other languages I know.

    26% 74%
    Java 357 out of 486 picked Python over Java Python
  88. I use this language out of choice

    25% 75%
    Java 590 out of 796 picked Python over Java Python
  89. I would recommend most programmers learn this language, regardless of whether they have a specific need for it

    25% 75%
    Java 447 out of 602 picked Python over Java Python
  90. I would use this language for a web project

    25% 75%
    Java 641 out of 857 picked Python over Java Python
  91. It is easy to tell at a glance what code in this language does

    24% 76%
    Java 654 out of 865 picked Python over Java Python
  92. This language is minimal

    22% 78%
    Java 590 out of 766 picked Python over Java Python
  93. I enjoy using this language

    22% 78%
    Java 724 out of 932 picked Python over Java Python
  94. Code written in this language is very readable

    21% 79%
    Java 653 out of 832 picked Python over Java Python
  95. I would like to write more of this language than I currently do

    21% 79%
    Java 649 out of 825 picked Python over Java Python
  96. This language excels at symbolic manipulation

    21% 79%
    Java 524 out of 665 picked Python over Java Python
  97. This is a high level language

    21% 79%
    Java 703 out of 892 picked Python over Java Python
  98. This language is well suited for an agile development approach using short iterations.

    20% 80%
    Java 389 out of 491 picked Python over Java Python
  99. This language is good for beginners

    17% 83%
    Java 737 out of 893 picked Python over Java Python
  100. This language has unusual features that I often miss when using other languages

    17% 83%
    Java 654 out of 790 picked Python over Java Python
  101. This language is expressive

    17% 83%
    Java 689 out of 832 picked Python over Java Python
  102. I would use this language to write a command-line app

    16% 84%
    Java 700 out of 843 picked Python over Java Python
  103. This language is very flexible

    16% 84%
    Java 691 out of 825 picked Python over Java Python
  104. I find code written in this language very elegant

    16% 84%
    Java 741 out of 884 picked Python over Java Python
  105. I find this language easy to prototype in

    15% 85%
    Java 719 out of 853 picked Python over Java Python
  106. Code written in this language tends to be terse

    14% 86%
    Java 679 out of 798 picked Python over Java Python
  107. This language excels at text processing

    14% 86%
    Java 669 out of 785 picked Python over Java Python
  108. This language is best for very small projects

    11% 89%
    Java 687 out of 776 picked Python over Java Python
  109. This language would be good for teaching children to write software

    11% 89%
    Java 511 out of 575 picked Python over Java Python
  110. I would use this language as a scripting language embedded inside a larger application

    8% 92%
    Java 700 out of 764 picked Python over Java Python
  111. I would use this language for casual scripting

    8% 92%
    Java 779 out of 847 picked Python over Java Python

What's going on here?

The absolute rankings are interesting for large scale comparisons but when you want to know about two specific languages it's much more informative to look at how the two fare when they go directly head to head.

Here are all the statements which we've got enough comparisons between Java and Python to be meaningful and which of the two our users picked.

The order in which we're presenting them is a little arbitrary (sorry), but we've tried to put the things which they're both good at first so as to give you the most interesting picture of it.