programming languages

Rank

Java vs Python

  1. This language has a strong static type system

    92% 8%
    Java 750 out of 810 picked Java over Python Python
  2. Code written in this language tends to be verbose

    89% 11%
    Java 734 out of 822 picked Java over Python Python
  3. There are many good commercial tools for this language

    86% 14%
    Java 638 out of 739 picked Java over Python Python
  4. Writing code in this language is a lot of work

    86% 14%
    Java 710 out of 824 picked Java over Python Python
  5. This is a mainstream language

    84% 16%
    Java 481 out of 572 picked Java over Python Python
  6. This language is large

    82% 18%
    Java 586 out of 713 picked Java over Python Python
  7. The thought that I may still be using this language in twenty years time fills me with dread

    80% 20%
    Java 619 out of 768 picked Java over Python Python
  8. There is a lot of accidental complexity when writing code in this language

    80% 20%
    Java 607 out of 754 picked Java over Python Python
  9. This language is unusually bad for beginners

    80% 20%
    Java 671 out of 838 picked Java over Python Python
  10. This language has an annoying syntax

    79% 21%
    Java 445 out of 561 picked Java over Python Python
  11. This is a low level language

    78% 22%
    Java 638 out of 817 picked Java over Python Python
  12. Developers who primarily use this language often burn out after a few years

    76% 24%
    Java 423 out of 551 picked Java over Python Python
  13. I often get angry when writing code in this language

    76% 24%
    Java 405 out of 528 picked Java over Python Python
  14. If my code in this language successfully compiles, there is a good chance my code is correct.

    76% 24%
    Java 374 out of 490 picked Java over Python Python
  15. Programs written in this language will usually work in future versions of the language

    76% 24%
    Java 544 out of 715 picked Java over Python Python
  16. This language is suitable for real-time applications

    75% 25%
    Java 519 out of 686 picked Java over Python Python
  17. This language excels at concurrency

    74% 26%
    Java 552 out of 739 picked Java over Python Python
  18. This language is frequently used for applications it isn't suitable for

    73% 27%
    Java 499 out of 678 picked Java over Python Python
  19. There are many good tools for this language

    72% 28%
    Java 528 out of 726 picked Java over Python Python
  20. This language is best for very large projects

    72% 28%
    Java 550 out of 758 picked Java over Python Python
  21. I learned this language early in my career as a programmer

    72% 28%
    Java 423 out of 587 picked Java over Python Python
  22. I know many other people who use this language

    69% 31%
    Java 574 out of 828 picked Java over Python Python
  23. I am reluctant to admit to knowing this language

    68% 32%
    Java 416 out of 604 picked Java over Python Python
  24. This language has many features which feel "tacked on"

    68% 32%
    Java 463 out of 677 picked Java over Python Python
  25. I would use this language for mobile applications

    68% 32%
    Java 554 out of 811 picked Java over Python Python
  26. Programs written in this language tend to be efficient

    68% 32%
    Java 538 out of 788 picked Java over Python Python
  27. I would use this language for writing embedded programs

    67% 33%
    Java 71 out of 105 picked Java over Python Python
  28. This language has a very rigid idea of how things should be done

    67% 33%
    Java 542 out of 804 picked Java over Python Python
  29. I am sometimes embarrassed to admit to my peers that I know this language

    67% 33%
    Java 436 out of 648 picked Java over Python Python
  30. This language is good for distributed computing

    66% 34%
    Java 479 out of 724 picked Java over Python Python
  31. I would use this language for writing programs for an embedded hardware platform

    66% 34%
    Java 480 out of 727 picked Java over Python Python
  32. Code written in this language will usually run in all the major implementations if it runs in one of them.

    65% 35%
    Java 320 out of 489 picked Java over Python Python
  33. I use a lot of code written in this language which I really don't want to have to make changes to

    64% 36%
    Java 236 out of 367 picked Java over Python Python
  34. I usually use this language on projects with many other members

    63% 37%
    Java 482 out of 755 picked Java over Python Python
  35. This language is likely to be around for a very long time

    62% 38%
    Java 482 out of 773 picked Java over Python Python
  36. Third-party libraries are readily available, well-documented, and of high quality

    59% 41%
    Java 458 out of 768 picked Java over Python Python
  37. When I run into problems my colleagues can provide me with immediate help with this language

    58% 42%
    Java 425 out of 722 picked Java over Python Python
  38. This language is well documented

    58% 42%
    Java 455 out of 773 picked Java over Python Python
  39. I often feel like I am not smart enough to write this language

    58% 42%
    Java 242 out of 413 picked Java over Python Python
  40. It's unusual for me to discover unfamiliar features

    58% 42%
    Java 404 out of 696 picked Java over Python Python
  41. Code written in this language tends to be very reliable

    57% 43%
    Java 445 out of 770 picked Java over Python Python
  42. I use many applications written in this language

    57% 43%
    Java 467 out of 811 picked Java over Python Python
  43. This language allows me to write programs where I know exactly what they are doing under the hood

    57% 43%
    Java 453 out of 789 picked Java over Python Python
  44. Libraries in this language tend to be well documented.

    57% 43%
    Java 289 out of 506 picked Java over Python Python
  45. When I write code in this language I can be very sure it is correct

    56% 44%
    Java 444 out of 783 picked Java over Python Python
  46. It is easy to debug programs written in this language when it goes wrong

    56% 44%
    Java 429 out of 762 picked Java over Python Python
  47. This language has a high quality implementation

    55% 45%
    Java 288 out of 521 picked Java over Python Python
  48. This language has a niche outside of which I would not use it

    54% 46%
    Java 409 out of 744 picked Java over Python Python
  49. This language makes it easy to shoot yourself in the foot

    54% 46%
    Java 348 out of 636 picked Java over Python Python
  50. This language has a very dogmatic community

    54% 46%
    Java 364 out of 667 picked Java over Python Python
  51. I find it easy to write efficient code in this language

    54% 46%
    Java 440 out of 808 picked Java over Python Python
  52. I would list this language on my resume

    54% 46%
    Java 422 out of 779 picked Java over Python Python
  53. There are many good open-source tools for this language

    53% 47%
    Java 416 out of 778 picked Java over Python Python
  54. I know this language well

    53% 47%
    Java 4025 out of 7573 picked Java over Python Python
  55. I would use this language for writing server programs

    52% 48%
    Java 404 out of 767 picked Java over Python Python
  56. I would use this language for a desktop GUI project

    51% 49%
    Java 445 out of 864 picked Java over Python Python
  57. It is too easy to write code in this language that looks like it does one thing but actually does something else

    50% 50%
    Java 341 out of 669 picked Java over Python Python
  58. This language has well-organized libraries with consistent, carefully thought-out interfaces

    49% 51%
    Java 347 out of 687 picked Python over Java Python
  59. There is a wide variety of open source code written in this language

    46% 54%
    Java 424 out of 789 picked Python over Java Python
  60. This language encourages writing reusable code.

    46% 54%
    Java 288 out of 535 picked Python over Java Python
  61. The resources for learning this language are of high quality

    45% 55%
    Java 422 out of 769 picked Python over Java Python
  62. This language is likely to be a passing fad

    45% 55%
    Java 330 out of 601 picked Python over Java Python
  63. I can imagine using this language in my day job

    43% 57%
    Java 485 out of 860 picked Python over Java Python
  64. I enjoy playing with this language but would never use it for "real code"

    42% 58%
    Java 387 out of 674 picked Python over Java Python
  65. This language is good for numeric computing

    42% 58%
    Java 415 out of 722 picked Python over Java Python
  66. This language has a wide variety of agreed-upon conventions, which are generally adhered to reasonably well, and which increase my productivity

    41% 59%
    Java 423 out of 726 picked Python over Java Python
  67. I regularly use this language

    40% 60%
    Java 532 out of 900 picked Python over Java Python
  68. Programs written in this language tend to play well with others

    39% 61%
    Java 425 out of 708 picked Python over Java Python
  69. This language encourages writing code that is easy to maintain.

    37% 63%
    Java 321 out of 517 picked Python over Java Python
  70. This language has a very coherent design

    36% 64%
    Java 459 out of 719 picked Python over Java Python
  71. This language has a good library distribution mechanism.

    35% 65%
    Java 326 out of 507 picked Python over Java Python
  72. Learning this language significantly changed how I use other languages.

    35% 65%
    Java 364 out of 564 picked Python over Java Python
  73. I rarely have difficulty abstracting patterns I find in my code

    35% 65%
    Java 468 out of 724 picked Python over Java Python
  74. This language is likely to have a strong influence on future languages

    34% 66%
    Java 485 out of 742 picked Python over Java Python
  75. If this language didn't exist, I would have trouble finding a satisfactory replacement

    34% 66%
    Java 469 out of 711 picked Python over Java Python
  76. Learning this language improved my ability as a programmer

    33% 67%
    Java 545 out of 822 picked Python over Java Python
  77. This language is easier to use for it's problem domain by removing unneeded expressiveness (such as not being Turing complete).

    33% 67%
    Java 166 out of 250 picked Python over Java Python
  78. This language matches it's problem domain particularly well.

    32% 68%
    Java 325 out of 480 picked Python over Java Python
  79. I can imagine this will be a popular language in twenty years time

    31% 69%
    Java 511 out of 749 picked Python over Java Python
  80. This language has a niche in which it is great

    31% 69%
    Java 505 out of 738 picked Python over Java Python
  81. This language is built on a small core of orthogonal features

    31% 69%
    Java 412 out of 600 picked Python over Java Python
  82. This language is good for scientific computing

    30% 70%
    Java 532 out of 771 picked Python over Java Python
  83. This language has a good community

    30% 70%
    Java 536 out of 772 picked Python over Java Python
  84. I usually use this language on solo projects

    30% 70%
    Java 552 out of 790 picked Python over Java Python
  85. I often write things in this language with the intent of rewriting them in something else later

    30% 70%
    Java 401 out of 573 picked Python over Java Python
  86. I still discover new features of this language on a fairly regular basis

    27% 73%
    Java 486 out of 673 picked Python over Java Python
  87. The semantics of this language are much different than other languages I know.

    27% 73%
    Java 345 out of 473 picked Python over Java Python
  88. I would recommend most programmers learn this language, regardless of whether they have a specific need for it

    26% 74%
    Java 434 out of 587 picked Python over Java Python
  89. I use this language out of choice

    25% 75%
    Java 577 out of 779 picked Python over Java Python
  90. I would use this language for a web project

    25% 75%
    Java 627 out of 838 picked Python over Java Python
  91. It is easy to tell at a glance what code in this language does

    24% 76%
    Java 636 out of 845 picked Python over Java Python
  92. This language is minimal

    22% 78%
    Java 579 out of 751 picked Python over Java Python
  93. I enjoy using this language

    22% 78%
    Java 710 out of 914 picked Python over Java Python
  94. Code written in this language is very readable

    21% 79%
    Java 642 out of 820 picked Python over Java Python
  95. I would like to write more of this language than I currently do

    21% 79%
    Java 635 out of 809 picked Python over Java Python
  96. This language excels at symbolic manipulation

    21% 79%
    Java 516 out of 655 picked Python over Java Python
  97. This is a high level language

    21% 79%
    Java 690 out of 875 picked Python over Java Python
  98. This language is well suited for an agile development approach using short iterations.

    20% 80%
    Java 380 out of 479 picked Python over Java Python
  99. This language is good for beginners

    17% 83%
    Java 718 out of 874 picked Python over Java Python
  100. I would use this language to write a command-line app

    17% 83%
    Java 683 out of 826 picked Python over Java Python
  101. This language has unusual features that I often miss when using other languages

    17% 83%
    Java 641 out of 775 picked Python over Java Python
  102. This language is expressive

    17% 83%
    Java 679 out of 820 picked Python over Java Python
  103. This language is very flexible

    16% 84%
    Java 675 out of 809 picked Python over Java Python
  104. I find code written in this language very elegant

    16% 84%
    Java 725 out of 865 picked Python over Java Python
  105. I find this language easy to prototype in

    15% 85%
    Java 703 out of 835 picked Python over Java Python
  106. This language excels at text processing

    14% 86%
    Java 657 out of 772 picked Python over Java Python
  107. Code written in this language tends to be terse

    14% 86%
    Java 665 out of 779 picked Python over Java Python
  108. This language would be good for teaching children to write software

    11% 89%
    Java 493 out of 557 picked Python over Java Python
  109. This language is best for very small projects

    11% 89%
    Java 676 out of 763 picked Python over Java Python
  110. I would use this language as a scripting language embedded inside a larger application

    8% 92%
    Java 685 out of 748 picked Python over Java Python
  111. I would use this language for casual scripting

    8% 92%
    Java 762 out of 829 picked Python over Java Python

What's going on here?

The absolute rankings are interesting for large scale comparisons but when you want to know about two specific languages it's much more informative to look at how the two fare when they go directly head to head.

Here are all the statements which we've got enough comparisons between Java and Python to be meaningful and which of the two our users picked.

The order in which we're presenting them is a little arbitrary (sorry), but we've tried to put the things which they're both good at first so as to give you the most interesting picture of it.